Take our quiz to see what you know about feet and learn more about the important role that podiatrists play.
As a podiatrist you could find yourself treating professional athletes or pop stars!
1a) All of these famous footballers have all broken a particular bone in their foot...
1a) The answer is
Metatarsal bones have been fractured
Wayne Rooney – 4th Metatarsal
Neymar, Gabriel Jesus, Steven Gerrard – 5th metatarsal
David Beckham – 2nd metatarsal
1b) Can you name the group of bones involved?
Can you name the group of bones involved?
1b) The answer is
What are metatarsals?
Metatarsals are the five long bones in the forefoot which connect the ankle bones to those of the toes.
The first is linked to the big toe and the fifth, on the outer foot, links to the little toe.
Together, the five metatarsals act as a unit to help share the load of the body, and they move position to cope with uneven ground.
Injuries usually occur as a result of a direct blow to the foot, a twisting injury or sometimes over-use.
1c) The answer is
Rest & Immobilisation with no exercise and sport is recommended for four to eight weeks.
Immobilisation can be achieved using a plaster cast or a removable plastic cast.
These casts provide compression limiting swelling and have a rocker sole underneath that allows early weight bearing. Research has shown that early weight bearing helps to speed fracture healing.
This plan depends on the damage and which metatarsal bone is involved.
For more information see:
2) Which British singer sustained a serious foot injury in 2011 when they fell off a stage whilst rehearsing for the Capital FM Summertime Ball.
2) The answer is
3) The answer is
A bunion (called hallux valgus) is a painful bony bump that develops at the big toe joint. Bunions develop slowly and the increasing pressure on the big toe joint causes the big toe to lean toward the second toe. Also bunions tend to lead to hard, callused and red skin caused by your big toe and second toe overlapping, sore skin over the top of the bunion and changes to the shape of your foot, making it difficult to find shoes that fit
The exact cause of bunions remains unknown, though wearing badly fitting shoes is thought to make bunions worse.
Non-surgical treatments include bunion pads, orthotics (insoles) and wearing suitable footwear. These treatments can ease the pain and discomfort caused by a bunion, but they can’t change the shape of your foot.
If a bunion is causing a significant amount of pain and affecting quality of life, it can to be assessed for surgery. The aim of bunion surgery is to relieve pain and improve the alignment of your big toe. Surgery isn’t usually carried out for cosmetic reasons alone and even after surgery, there may still be limits to the styles of shoe that can be worn.
4) Which US president was unable to go into military service because of pain in his heel?
Which US president was unable to go into military service because of pain in his heel?
4) The answer is
Donald Trump received five deferments from the draft for military service during the Vietnam War, one for heel spurs.
Pain in the heel is a common complaint that occurs in approximately 10% of the population and has many causes. Heel spurs are pointed bony outgrowth of the heel bone (or calcaneus). These can be treated with insoles and footwear, there is usually no need to remove a heel spur unless it’s causing significant pain or restricting movement.
5) Which American media personality, businesswoman, socialite, model and actress caused an internet storm and left many fans wondering if her latest campaign alongside Kylie Jenner shows she has six toes…
5) The answer is
Kim Kardashian caused an internet storm and left many fans wondering if her latest campaign alongside Kylie Jenner suggested she has six toes…
There are several explanations. Rarely people are born with an additional toe (or more rarely finger) – known as polydactyl. The goal of treatment is a hand (or foot) that works well and looks typical. There are also practical concerns, such as removing an extra toe so the foot fits well into shoes, but with minimal scarring.
However, when looking at the heel from behind usually only the fifth toe is seen. If the foot is very flat, more of the toes can be seen – a so called ‘too many toes sign’, which may have been the case here.
A more simple explanation may have been an error when preparing the digital images for publication – sometimes referred to as ‘photo-shopping’ after one of the common computer packages used.
6) Which famous footballer who used to play for Tottenham hotspur almost lost his leg due to diabetes?
Which famous footballer who used to play for Tottenham hotspur almost lost his leg due to diabetes?
6) The answer is
Gary played for Tottenham Hotspurs and England, but a diabetes-related complication brought him close to having one of his legs amputated.
Having diabetes means you’re at much greater risk of developing foot problems. This is because raised blood glucose, (also known as blood sugar) can damage the sensation in your feet. It can also affect your blood supply which can lead to you getting less blood supply to your feet.
7) Where can you get a Sourtoe cocktail?
7) The answer is
Sourtoe cocktail anyone?
The Sourdough saloon in Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada. Established in 1973, the Sourtoe Cocktail has become a Dawson City tradition and is an actual human toe that has been dehydrated and preserved in salt, used to garnish a drink of your choice.
8) True or False The human foot has the same bones as an elephant foot.
True or False The human foot has the same bones as an elephant foot.
8) The answer is
Elephants feet are unique and very interesting. They are quite different from other animal feet. An elephants foot is designed in such a way that the skeleton of an elephant’s foot is angled, with a large pad of fat and connective tissue at the heel. The angled foot structure means that elephants walk on their tiptoes with their body weight evenly distributed across the fatty/connective tissue at the heel.
All elephants do not have the same number of toes on each foot. The African elephants have 4 toes on their front feet and 3 toes on their back feet. Asian elephants on the other hand, have 5 on the front and 4 at the back.
Additionally there is considerable variation between elephants feet with bones being fused together in some animals – see https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312537289_Skeletal_pathology_and_variable_anatomy_in_elephant_feet_assessed_using_computed_tomography
Elephants foot in cross sectionon the left. X ray of human foot on the right
9) What is the correct name for your big toe?
9) The answer is
10) The skin infection called tinea pedis is more commonly known as what?
- Athlete’s foot
- Hard skin
- Fallen Arches
10) The answer is
Athlete’s foot is a common fungal infection that affects the feet. You can usually treat it with creams, sprays or powders from a pharmacy.
11) Warts on the sole of the foot are more commonly known as what?
- Heel spurs
11) The answer is
Verrucae are warts that commonly occur on the soles of the feet or around the toe area
12) Some people are born with a total of twelve toes on their feet. Which of the following is NOT a word used to describe someone with six toes on each foot?
12) The answer is
13) Men and women have the same number of bones in their feet. True or false?
Men and women have the same number of bones in their feet. True or false?
13) The answer is
While they may differ in many other respects, men and women both have the same number of bones in their feet.
14) There are 54 bones in the human foot. True or false?
There are 54 bones in the human foot. True or false?
14) The answer is
There are 26 bones in each foot.
15) A quarter of all our bones are in the feet. True or false?
A quarter of all our bones are in the feet. True or false?
15) The answer
With 52 bones in our feet (26 in each foot) and 206 overall, about 25% of all or bones are located in our feet.
16) How many toes does a camel have ?
How many toes does a camel have ?
16) The answer
Camels have two toes on each foot, each with a hoof on the front that looks like a toenail. They walk on their toes much like someone wearing a pair of high heels. But, instead of a heel, a camel has a ball of fat that helps form the soft pad on the bottom of its foot
17) Gout is a very painful condition that often strikes the big toe joint. What causes it?
- Poorly fitting shoes
- Drinking too much port
- Old age
- Excess uric acid
17) The answer is
Excess uric acid
Gout is the result of an imbalance of uric acid in the body and manifests via a build-up of uric acid in the blood. Small crystals may form, which collect in the joint causing irritation and inflammation, and which can be very painful and severe.
18) What is the name of the 1989 film which presents the story of Christy Brown?
- My two left feet
- My right foot
- My left foot
- One foot none the wiser
18) The answer is
My left foot
My Left Foot is the warm, romantic and moving true story of a remarkable man: the Irish writer and painter Christy Brown born with cerebral palsy into an impoverished family. That it features a brilliant performance by Daniel Day-Lewis
19) What hero of ancient Greece gave his name to the largest and strongest tendon in the foot?
19) The answer is
20) Which Greek philosopher said, "When our feet hurt, we hurt all over"?
20) The answer is
This phrase is attributed to Socrates
21) Which Renaissance artist called the foot "a masterpiece of engineering and a work of art"?
- Leonardo da Vinci
21) The answer is
Attributed to Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was an Italian polymath. He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time due to his enduring works including the “Mona Lisa.”
22) In the bible, at the Last Supper, what did Jesus wash?
- The plates and cups
- His hands
- The disciples hands and heads
- The disciples’ feet
22) The answer is
The disciples’ feet
23) In the JRR Tolkien book ‘The Hobbit’ What distinguishes a hobbit’s feet from human feet?
In the JRR Tolkien book ‘The Hobbit’ What distinguishes a hobbit’s feet from human feet?
23) The answer is
Hobbit’s feet are significantly larger
24) True or False: Some nerves are so long that they connect your spinal cord to your feet.
True or False: Some nerves are so long that they connect your spinal cord to your feet.
24) The answer is
The sciatic nerve travels from the lower spine, through the pelvis, and down each leg. It is the longest and widest nerve in the human body. It primarily supplies the muscles of the lower leg, including the calf, ankle, and the back portion of the knee.
25) What was unusual about the former Russian leader, Joseph Stalins’ feet?
What was unusual about the former Russian leader, Joseph Stalins’ feet?
25) The answer is
They were webbed
26) Insert the correct term
- A older people
- B Teenagers
- C Babies
- D Men
26) The answer is
if your child appears to have flat feet this is nothing to worry about. Usually an arch will forms when the child child can stand on tiptoe and no treatment will normally be needed. Flat feet usually correct themselves by the age of 6.
27) Which 1920s Hollywood film star insured their feet for $150,000?
27) The answer is
Charlie Chaplin(1889 – 1977)
Charlie Chaplin was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of Holywoods’ silent films. He perfect his trademark out-toed walk and had his feet insured for $150,000 – a fortune at the time and equivalent to some $3.7 million today.
28) What is the North American Indian name for ‘bigfoot’?
What is the North American Indian name for ‘bigfoot’?
28) The answer is
In North American folklore, bigfoot or Sasquatch is reported to be a large hair ape-like creature that walks upright, dwells in the wilderness and leaves large footprints
29) Sometimes a big toe nail can be completely lost due to either injury or infection. How long might is take for a new nail to grow?
- A Couple of weeks
- B Couple of months
- C Over a year
- D It never re-grows
29) The answer is
Over a year
Toenails grow more slowly than fingernails (an average rate of 1.6 mm per month). And if you lose a toenail, it can take up to a year and a half for it to completely grow back, three times as long as it would take your fingernail to regrow.
30) What slang term is used to describe a surfer/snowboarder whose right foot is forward and the left is in the back, while on the board?
What slang term is used to describe a surfer/snowboarder whose right foot is forward and the left is in the back, while on the board?
30) The answer is